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The London Area is the area defined by the London Natural History Society as that within 20 miles of St Paul's Cathedral. The current list stands at 359 species. Species marked with an asterix have not been recorded since prior to 1900. The taxonomic order follows that of the BOU taxonomic sub-committee (2005). To view London's top listers and the current standings see: LondonListers Species marked as N or D mean that Notes or a Description is required; those marked BBRC require a formal description to the British Birds Rarities Committee.


Species Scientific Name Description Required
Mute Swan Cygnus olor
Bewick's Swan Cygnus columbianus N
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus N
Bean Goose Anser fabalis D
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus D
White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
Greylag Goose Anser anser
Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis D - for wild birds only
Brent Goose Branta bernicla
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis BBRC
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
American Wigeon Anas americana D
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common Teal Anas crecca
Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis D
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Blue-winged Tea

l|Anas discors

BBRC
Shoveler Anas clypeata
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Pochard Aythya ferina
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris D
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca D
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Greater Scaup Aythya marila
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis BBRC
Eider Somateria mollissima N
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis N
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca N
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Smew Mergellus albellus
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
Goosander Mergus merganser
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix
Quail Coturnix coturnix N
Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata
Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica N
Great Northern Diver Gavia immer N
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps BBRC
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis D
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus D
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus D
Macaronesian Shearwater Puffinus baroli BBRC
European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus D
Leach's Storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa D
Gannet Morus bassana N
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Bittern Botaurus stellaris
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus BBRC
Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax D
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides BBRC
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis BBRC
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Great White Egret Egretta alba D
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea D
Black Stork Ciconia nigra BBRC
White Stork Ciconia ciconia D
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus BBRC
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia N
Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus D
Black Kite Milvus migrans D
Red Kite Milvus milvus
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla BBRC
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus D
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis D
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus D
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos D
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni BBRC
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus D
Merlin Falco columbarius N
Hobby Falco subbuteo
Gyr Falcon Falco rusticolus BBRC
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana D
Little Crake Porzana parva BBRC
Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla BBRC
Corncrake Crex crex D
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot Fulica atra
Common Crane Grus grus D
Great Bustard Otis tarda BBRC
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus BBRC
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus D
Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor BBRC
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola BBRC
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus BBRC
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus D
Dotterel Charadrius morinellus D
American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica D
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva BBRC
Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Sociable Plover Vanellus gregaria BBRC
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri BBRC
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii D
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis D
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii BBRC
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos D
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata BBRC
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima N
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus BBRC
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis D
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Great Snipe Gallinago media BBRC
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus BBRC
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Curlew Numenius arquata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis BBRC
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes BBRC
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria BBRC
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia BBRC
Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor BBRC
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus D
Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicaria D
Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus D
Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus D
Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus D
Great Skua Stercorarius skua D
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan BBRC
Little Gull Larus minutus
Sabine's Gull Larus sabini D
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia BBRC
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis D
Common Gull Larus canus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michaellis D - for 'Caspian Gull' only
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides D
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus D
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscata BBRC
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anarthetus BBRC
Little Tern Sternula albifrons
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica BBRC
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia BBRC
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus BBRC
Black Tern Chlidonias niger
White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus D
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii D
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
Guillemot Uria aalge N
Razorbill Alca torda N
Little Auk Alle alle N
Puffin Fratercula arctica N
Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus BBRC
Rock Dove Columba livia
Stock Dove Columba oenas
Woodpigeon Columba palumbus
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus BBRC
Barn Owl Tyto alba
Scops Owl Otus scops BBRC
Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca BBRC
Little Owl Athene noctua
Tawny Owl Strix aluco
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
Tengmalm's Owl Aegolius funereus BBRC
Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus N
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor BBRC
Swift Apus apus
Alpine Swift Apus melba D
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Bee-eater Merops apiaster D
Roller Coracias garrulus BBRC
Hoopoe Upupa epops D
Wryneck Jynx torquilla D
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla D
Crested Lark Galerida cristata BBRC
Woodlark Lullula arborea N (away from breeding areas)
Skylark Alauda arvensis
Shore Lark Eremophila alpestris D
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Swallow Hirundo rustica
House Martin Delichon urbicum
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropsis daurica D
Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi D
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris D
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni BBRC
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus D
Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola BBRC
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba
Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
Dipper Cinclus cinclus
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Dunnock Prunella modularis
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris BBRC
Robin Erithacus rubecula
Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica D
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Stonechat Saxicola torquata
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti BBRC
Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus BBRC
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus BBRC
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus
Blackbird Turdus merula
Dusky Thrush Turdus naumanni BBRC
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
American Robin Turdus migratorius BBRC
Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti D (for non-singing birds)
Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia
Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides BBRC
Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola D
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola BBRC
Blyth's Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum BBRC
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris D
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina D
Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta D
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans D
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala BBRC
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria D
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Pallas's Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus D
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus D
Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei BBRC
Radde's Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi D
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus BBRC
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva D
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus
Great Tit Parus major
Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus D
Coal Tit Periparus ater
Willow Tit Poecile montanus
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris
Nuthatch Sitta europaea
Treecreeper Certhia familiaris
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla BBRC
Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus BBRC
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus D
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus BBRC
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio D
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor BBRC
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor D
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator D
Jay Garrulus glandarius
Magpie Pica pica
Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes BBRC
Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Rook Corvus frugilegus
Carrion Crow Corvus corone
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix D
Raven Corvus corax D
Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Rose-coloured Starling Sturnus roseus D
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Serin Serinus serinus D
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Siskin Carduelis spinus
Linnet Carduelis cannabina
Twite Carduelis flavirostris N
Lesser Redpoll Carduelis cabaret
Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea N
Arctic Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni D
Two-barred Crossbill BBRC
Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Parrot Crossbill BBRC
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus D
Pine Grosbeak BBRC
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus D
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis N
Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos BBRC
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus D
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana D
Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica D
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla D
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala BBRC
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra

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